Cerebral palsy is a motor disorder that affects newborn babies and children in New York and around the world. For every 1,000 births, up to four infants have it and, in many of those cases, it was caused by a negligent doctor, nurse or other medical party.
Every year, a percentage of infants born in New York hospitals are delivered via cesarean section. At the end of 2015, the Journal of American Medicine published a study indicating that the ideal rate of C-sections established by the World Health Organization of 10 to 15 percent may be too low.
Expectant parents in New York want to plan the perfect birth. Home birth, although not prevalent in the United States, does exist as an option for women with low-risk pregnancies. To examine the safety of home birth, Canadian researchers compared outcomes for women without any pregnancy risk factors who gave birth at home or in a hospital. They found only small differences between the two settings and declared home birth as safe as hospital birth for healthy women.
New York parents may be interested to learn about a new study that shows more complications occur when expectant mothers are admitted to the hospital for childbirth during the weekend. The study, which was published in a British medical journal, examined the histories of more than 1 million women admitted to British hospitals over a two-year period.
Birth asphyxia occurs in approximately four of every 1,000 full-term births around the United States. It may happen more frequently during premature births. New York couples who are expecting a child may want to learn more about this potentially troublesome birth injury.
New York parents who are expecting a child may be interested to learn that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has stated that, based on a review of multiple studies, electronic fetal monitoring is not advantageous for mothers or infants. Electronic fetal monitoring, which monitors the heartbeat of the infant during delivery, is supposed to alert medical staff if the infant becomes distressed and needs to be delivered immediately.
New York mothers may be interested in learning more about the recent statistics concerning maternal mortality rates in the U.S. The steep decline in pregnancy-related deaths since the 1930s has been described as one of the greatest achievements in the public health sector during the modern era. Before then, approximately one out of every 100 women died after giving birth. During the late 1980s, less than eight out of every 100,000 women in the U.S died as a result of childbirth.
Many mothers in New York may have had their baby delivered through the use of forceps. These are relatively simple mechanical tools that can be used to help guide a child through the birth canal in the event of a difficult vaginal delivery.
Approximately one or two of every thousand babies born in New York and around the country will have a condition known as Erb's palsy. This is a serious form of brachial plexus palsy that could affect the shoulder and the arm of the child for life. It may be overcome with active therapy, but treatment will not be effective for all affected children.
New York residents may be interested to learn of a new program that seeks to reduce the number of women in the United States who die during childbirth. Currently, the U.S. ranks last in mother mortality rates amongst developed countries and 47th out of 180 countries researched. A new report by the United Nations and World Health Organization shows that two or three women in the United States die every day due to pregnancy-related issues, adding up to about 50,000 annually. These numbers may sound bleak, but Merck for Mothers has started a $500 million initiative to fix them.